Information presented above and where trade names are used, they are supplied with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement by Ohio State University Extension is implied. The corn ears are broken off from the corn stalk and dragged into the combine, and the stalks are dropped back on the ground. Though corn harvesting is in full swing, a casual estimate is that close to 75 percent of the Delaware crop has not been picked. For mid- or late-season sweet corn production, no-till planting can be a benefit in relation to time, equipment and labor.
Texas Honey June - Texas Honey June's white kernels have nice corn-and-sweet-honey flavor. If stored properly, popcorn should retain its popping quality for several years. Corn stover material will generally cause greater wear and tear on harvesting equipment than does alfalfa and grass hay.
Conversely, there are some mini sweetcorn cultivars which are harvested before fertilisation, and so don't need to be grown in a block and can even be grown as a windbreak. In dry years the drying rate will be more rapid and during wetter years the drying rate will be less.
My ideal range is 17-23 percent moisture for harvesting corn. Seeds harvested and saved from these heirlooms will be pure and true to the original type, provided they aren't planted near other varieties where they could be cross-pollinated by the wind. Allow the kernels to dry in the field as long as possible.
In Delaware, nearly all the harvested feed corn is used to feed poultry or dairy cows. Physiological maturity is achieved when kernels cease accumulating dry matter. This problem is usually reduced after 3 months, when the kernels have a chance to absorb silage moisture, become softer and fracture more easily.
Stalk integrity is less so there can be more stalk and root lodging as well as ear drop prior to running the combine through the field. Corn is ready for harvest when ears turn dark green, silks turn brown, and kernels are soft and plump; squeeze a kernel and the juice will be milky not clear.
» Sweet corn is highly perishable and requires prompt cooling after harvest for maximum quality and marketable shelf-life. Dent, flint, and flour corn (grain corn): These types are left to dry out thoroughly on the stalks before they are harvested. If the kernel does not shatter, the ear of corn needs to hang longer.
The key to deciding which of these suggestions is appropriate for your fields is to closely monitor both moisture and crop condition beginning at physiological maturity. After pollination kernels appear. Dry matter content of whole-plant corn varies with maturity.
Plants are less successful on dry or heavy soil. After much of the research I have done on sweet How Farms Work corn, I have found that a stalk will produce between one and two usable cobs, in the variety I am planting. Crop conditions, including non-grain crop moisture, can change rapidly during autumn days.
Harvesting too dry also results in lower digestibility, protein, and vitamins A and E. So harvesting corn at the proper dry matter content will result in better animal performance and lower feed costs. Plunkett has farmed for 25 years and established his custom harvesting business in 2012 as a result of the DuPont program.